9 Basic Hand Stitching Techniques Every Sewer Should Learn
Jul 27, · This tutorial provides the photographic step-by-step process to implement a variety of the six most common basic hand rkslogadoboj.com six stitches we’ll be lear Author: Homedit. Stitch length. A top stitch is always made slightly longer in length than the seam stitching – so increase the stitch length for top stitching. If you use a stitch length increase to 3 for top stitching. See where you are going. Use a clear straight stitch foot for top stitching – you need to see what you are doing. No back stitching.
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This article has been viewed 12, times. Learn more Top stitching is when you sew a visible line of stitches onto a piece of fabric. You can use top stitching to reinforce a seam and to add some decorative flair to your sewing project. Top stitching works best when you have the right tools and materials, so take some time to get everything together before you begin.
You will also need to ensure that your sewing machine is set properly to help you get the most attractive top stitching. Then, turn your fabric right side up, use slow steady pressure, and avoid backstitching to get the best possible results! Log in Social login does not what is the meaning of wearing a thumb ring in incognito and private browsers.
Download Article Explore this Article parts. Things You'll Need. Related Articles. Part 1 of Ensure that your fabric is heavy enough to top stitch. Fabric that is structured will hold up better when you are top stitching since it will be less likely to slip or stretch. If possible, choose a sturdy fabric, such as denim, cotton, wool, canvas, or linen. Lay your fabric over the tissue paper before you begin sewing, and then tear away the tissue paper after you finish sewing.
Iron your fabric before top stitching to get flat seams and neat stitches. Ironing your fabric before you top stitch will give you a flat, even surface to sew.
It is especially important to iron along the seams of your fabric. Kl to hat yai bus how long long, even strokes to iron along the seams and anywhere else on the fabric that you will be top stitching.
You may also place a towel or t-shirt over the fabric before you iron it to protect the fabric from the heat. Choose a needle that works with your fabric. To ensure that the needle will not snag on your fabric or have difficulty breaking through it, choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of fabric you are using. You can use a universal needle meant for the density of fabric you are using, or select a specialty needle, such as a ball point needle for knits.
Opt for a larger number needle for heavy fabrics or a smaller number how to do a top stitch by hand for light fabrics. Pick your thread with visibility in mind. Top stitching is meant to be visible, so make sure that you select a thread that will compliment your fabric.
You can do this by choosing a thread that matches or contrasts with the fabric, and by making sure that the thread is slightly heavier than your fabric. Or, if you want to create a more subtle look, choose a dark blue thread. Install a special presser foot to sew straight lines along seams. This is optional, but you can use a special type of presser foot to guide you as you top stitch along the edges of your fabric.
Some presser foots feature guides that will make it easier to sew along the edges of fabric or to position a straight line in the center of your fabric. Drawing the outline of shapes onto your fabric can also help you to create decorative top stitching if desired.
Part 2 of Select the straight stitch setting for simple lines. This is the most common setting for top stitching. You can use the straight stitch setting to create straight lines along the edges of your fabric or to sew along straight and curved lines that you have drawn onto the fabric.
Opt for a decorative stitching to add interest. You may choose to use a decorative stitch if you want the top stitching to stand out even more. Try using the zig zag stitchthe curved stitch, or blanket stitch setting on your sewing machine for something extra visible. If you try to sew along curved lines with a decorative stitch it may end up looking sloppy. Increase the stitch length to make the stitches stand out more. A larger gap between each of your stitches will make them appear larger and more prominent.
Try increasing the stitch length from the default setting to the longest setting available on your machine or somewhere in between the default and longest setting. Adjust the tension for slightly looser stitches. Just make sure that you do not make the tension too loose or the stitches may look sloppy. The sewing machine tension on most machines ranges from 0 loosest to 9 tightest.
Part 3 of Place the fabric under the presser foot with the right side facing up. Top stitching should appear on the top of your fabric, so place your fabric onto the sewing machine with the right print or outer side facing up. This will ensure that your top stitching will be visible when you finish sewing. Apply even, gentle pressure to the pedal.
Sewing a top stitch too quickly can lead to messy stitching, or even puckering and knotted threads on the backside of your fabric. Press down evenly and gently on the pedal to ensure that you do not send your machine racing through the fabric and potentially ruining your fabric.
You may also want to hand crank the first few stitches by turning the knob on the side of your sewing machine to sew the first few stitches. Avoid backstitching to secure the ends of stitches. Backstitching is when you sew backwards after reaching the end of a line of stitching. It is not recommended with top stitching since the back stitched area will look different than the rest of the top stitching.
This will help to secure the stitches into place without adding a bunch of extra stitching. Trim excess thread when you are done sewing.
After you finish your top stitching, use a small pair of scissors to snip any hanging threads. Snip them close to the fabric but be careful not to cut through the fabric or the stitches. Discard the threads that you trim off. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Submit a Tip All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Related wikiHows How to. How to. More References 6. About This Article. Co-authored by:.
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What is the Strongest Stitch by Hand and Why You Need It: All About Backstitch
May 20, · TOP 12 STITCHES IN HAND EMBROIDERY | Getting started in hand embroidery may seem intimidating at first, but most patterns only require a few basic hand embro. Nov 17, · You may need to keep on practicing until you find out just how close to the edge you prefer to sew. Thread your needle up and knot the end. Push your threaded needle through from the back of the felt to the front. Carefully pull the needle and all the thread through to the front of the felt.
Hand stitching is an essential sewing skill every sewer must possess and master. Learn the basics and the essential hand stitches here! The whip stitch is one of the easiest hand stitching techniques you can learn. This hand stitch consists of short diagonal stitches often used in hemming. To create this stitch, follow these step-by-step instructions:.
The catch stitch is identified by the crisscross stitches, great for front-facing fabrics and hemming-lined garments. This hand stitching technique allows for a bit of a give. It is also a great stitch to work on circular garments like tablecloths. Unlike most hand-sewn stitches, this technique starts from the left.
Special: [Free gift] A little something for health and relationship magic…. The basting stitch is great for temporarily holding pieces of fabric together. Do a quick and large straight stitch to perform this pattern. Usually, it is sewn using a thread of a different color from the fabric to make it easier to spot which stitches are just placeholders and for easier removal.
The running stitch is one of the most common and basic stitches you can do, both by hand and by machine. Sewing by machine assures precision and firmness. But sewing by hand is great for a speedy stitcher and quick stitches and for stitching together narrow spaces that cannot be reached by machine. The back stitch features small stitches that can hold a great amount of strength.
This hand stitching technique works well with mending seams or in a seam that will resist a lot of strains and pulls. Learn how to make this stitch by going through these steps:. These diagonal stitches are used to secure the edges of the fabric to prevent it from unravelling.
It can also be used to mend a tear. The slip stitch is commonly used to make hidden seams in between two fold edges of a flat edge. It is also called a ladder stitch because, in the process of doing this stitch, you are creating ladders with your threads. This stitch is used for bindings, closing a lining, applying an applique invisibly, or closing stuffed sewing projects. The blind hem stitch is called as such because you are essentially creating invisible hems with this stitch.
Just like the ladder stitch, you grab a little bit of the fabric and produce an almost flawless hem. This hand stitching technique works wonders on lighter and silkier fabrics. Learn how to make the blind hem stitch by following these steps:. Every sewing project ends somewhere. With a securing stitch, you prevent your stitches from unnecessary loosening.
Learning these essential hand stitching techniques is quick and easy! And even better, this knowledge will definitely stay with you forever. And you will surely be using them in various sewing projects. Keep on practicing them for more embroidery stitches.
Do you know of other essential hand stitching techniques? Let us know in the comments section below! We aim to feature the hottest trends in the sewing world, so get in touch if you can contribute! Stay connected with us on Facebook , Twitter , Instagram , and Pinterest! I did like this As much as I have sewn, not usually by hand, kind of self taught, I now know the different stitches and how to use them if I need to.
I am in my seventies. I learned at my mothers elbow. She sewed for clients and I did all the hand stitching. Although I have never made a garment by hand only, I would like to try. Do you have any suggestions? Fell is used to attach a coats collar. Pad is similar to a vertical baste and used on the lapels canvas to roll lapels. Stote is used to join the lapel to the collar along the gorge line.
Button hole stitch is used to create button holes with heavy silk thread. Thank you for sharing the information about It. I learned a lot from it. I appreciate you the detail you went into it. I am grateful for the amount of time and effort you put into this helping us. Your insights and summary are beneficial. Thank you for Sharing.
Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. You may change your settings at any time. Your choices will not impact your visit. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. Patterns Materials Organization Supplies. Whip Stitch The whip stitch is one of the easiest hand stitching techniques you can learn.
To create this stitch, follow these step-by-step instructions: Pull the thread or your threaded needle through your top fabric, making sure the knot stays in between the two fabrics. Pierce through your bottom fabric and exit at the same place you started with the top fabric. This will lock in your starting stitches in place.
Push the needle through the bottom fabric, creating a diagonal stitch on the edges of your fabric. Your needle and thread must exit the top fabric to secure the fabrics together. Catch Stitch The catch stitch is identified by the crisscross stitches, great for front-facing fabrics and hemming-lined garments. To learn more about this, refer to the following steps: Special: [Free gift] A little something for health and relationship magic… Starting at the opposite end of where you usually start, pull the thread or your threaded needle.
Make a diagonal stitch from where you popped your threaded needle to the other fabric. Pull your threaded needle a small length away and make a diagonal stitch back to your starting fabric. Basting Stitch The basting stitch is great for temporarily holding pieces of fabric together. You can make several stitches by popping the needle in and out of the fabric before pulling through. Do not lock the stitch from both ends.
Running Stitch The running stitch is one of the most common and basic stitches you can do, both by hand and by machine. See the following steps to make this stitch: Special: [Free Gift] 7-Minute Freeway to a Fuller Life Take the needle in and out of the fabric up to your desired stitch length. You may also make several stitches by popping your needle in and out the fabric at equidistant lengths before pulling your needle through the fabric. Make sure stitches are locked once done.
Back Stitch The back stitch features small stitches that can hold a great amount of strength. Learn how to make this stitch by going through these steps: Pull your threaded needle from the underside of your fabric. Make a single running stitch. From the underside of your fabric, pull the thread to keep the stitch taut. Bring your needle up again, piercing through the fabric at a distance equivalent to the length of your single running stitch. Use the photo above for reference.
Repeat the process until you finish your stitches. Overcast Stitch These diagonal stitches are used to secure the edges of the fabric to prevent it from unravelling. Slip Stitch or Ladder Stitch The slip stitch is commonly used to make hidden seams in between two fold edges of a flat edge.
Take the threaded needle underneath the fold to hide the knot. Pull the needle and thread out from the folded edge. Grab a little bit of fabric underneath from the opposite side of the folded fabric. Pull the needle out. Insert the needle again to the opposite side. Repeat the same pattern until you close the opening. Blind Hem Stitch The blind hem stitch is called as such because you are essentially creating invisible hems with this stitch.
Learn how to make the blind hem stitch by following these steps: Slip the threaded needle underneath the folded side of the fabric to hide the knot. From underneath, pull your needle out and through.
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