What Are Four Major Landforms?
Meander: a major bend in a river or stream. Mesa: a land formation having a relatively flat top and steep rock walls. Moraine: deposits of rock and sediment left from a former or receding glacier. Mountain: high, rocky land, usually with steep sides and a pointed or rounded top, higher than a hill. Aug 08, · Mountain s, hill s, plateau s, and plain s are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include butte s, canyon s, valley s, and basin s. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills. Erosion by water and wind can wear down land and create landforms like valleys and canyons.
Landforms are the physical features on the surface of the Earth. They are created by natural forces such as wind, water, erosion and tectonic plate movement. Landforms are typically categorized by their physical attributes of slope, stratification, soil type, elevation and orientation.
The highest order of landforms are continents and ocean floors, but there are also sub-categories of major how to compare one cell with multiple cells in excel familiar to most people. Mountains are perhaps the most spectacular and awe-inspiring of Earth's major landforms. Mountains can be formed by geologic forces such as volcanism and erosion, but geologists believe most mountains are formed as the result of heat and pressure beneath the Earth's crust which causes movement and uplift in the crust.
This movement is called plate tectonics, which also causes earthquakes. Though we cannot see most of them, there are more mountains in the ocean than on land. Some islands are the tops of underwater mountains. The Hawaiian Islands are an example of mountains formed by volcanism. A plateau is a large elevated or highland area with a relatively level or flat surface. The most well-known plateau in the world, the Tibetan Plateau, is located between mountain ranges, but others are higher than the surrounding land.
Plateaus are formed by a variety of forces. Some are formed by upward folding of the Earth's crust, others by erosion of the surrounding land. The Columbia Plateau of the Northwestern United States was formed by repeated lava flows that covered thousands of square miles and built up the land over millions of years. Plains are broad expanses of land with little change in elevation, and are usually lower than the land that surrounds them. Plains near the ocean are called coastal plains.
Coastal plains gradually rise from the ocean to meet higher landforms such as plateaus and mountains. Some geologists consider coastal plains an elevated portion of the ocean floor. Inland plains are usually at higher elevations, such as the Great Plains of the United States. Many inland plains were formed by receding ice-age glaciers that left the land scoured and flat. Glaciers are giant masses of what should a one year old know that form in polar regions and high mountains and flow over land like slow rivers.
Huge, ancient ice sheets cover all but the highest mountain peaks of Greenland and Antarctica. Together these two massive landforms hold more than 75 percent of the world's fresh water. His work has also been featured in the "Grosse Pointe News," magazines and corporate newsletters. Related Articles Uses of Landforms.
What Are the 4 Main Types of Landforms? The Different Types of Landforms. List of Landforms and Slope Landforms. Landforms of the Wetlands. Factors Affecting Landforms. Major Landforms in the Midwestern Region. Landforms Near Chicago. How Gorges Are Formed. A List of Landforms in the Tropical Region. Landforms Caused by Plate Tectonics.
Kinds of Land Topography. Composition of Cinder Cones. The Topography of Deserts. Facts About the Great Plains. Landforms of the Piedmont. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.
Alluvial fan : land formation that occurs when sedimentary materials such as rocks, gravel, and silt, are deposited onto land as a result of decreasing or stopped water flow from a river or stream source. Anabranch : a flowing part of the river that is separated, usually by an island, and rejoins back down stream.
Archipelago : a group of many islands. Arroyo : a creek that is sometimes dry during the year from not having a constant water source such as rain.
Badlands : barren, battered and eroded land from water and shaped with the help of wearing and wind-driven sand and rain. Barchan : is a sand dune that crescent-shape that faces the wind. The convex shape is formed by the constant blow of wind in one direction. Barrier Island : an island or group of island, usually in the ocean, that protects the nearby mainland coast from erosion.
Basin : An area of land largely enclosed by higher land. Bay : part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf. Bayou : A slow moving body of water in a low lying area, usually near the coast, with swamp or marshland in some portions of the shoreline. Beach : A sloping shoreline consisting of sand, gravel, soil or other sediment. Beach Cusps : Beach formation in the form of an arc with a cusp or point at each end. Beach Ridge : Elevated formation of sand or other beach material running parallel to a shoreline.
Bight : A curve like a bay landform that that has less curve than a bay. Bluff : a cliff looking over a body of water or plain. Bornhardt : a rock formation with steep or vertical sides and a round or dome-shaped top usually with little or no vegetation. Blowhole : a hole connected to a cave that is attached to a water system that builds up pressure through waves, current or wind.
When the pressure is great enough, water is release, usually in a spouting manner. Blowout : A depression or a major loss in vegetation in the ground where the wind has blown away sand or topsoil. Braided River : A river that has three or move channels that come back together or drain into the same body of water. Butte : A rock formation with vertical or nearly vertical sides that is flat on top and taller than it is wide.
Canal: a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigate. Canyon : narrow valley with steep sides; usually created by erosion.
Cape : a curved or hooked piece of land extending into a body of water. Cave : a hallow space in the ground or mountain with an opening to enter.
Cenote : a collapsed are, usually limestone, with exposed water. Channel : a narrow deep waterway connecting two larger bodies of water; the deepest part of the waterway. Cliff : A high, steep slope of rock or soil. Confluence : Two or more bodies of water meet and their waters mix. Continent : one of the seven largest bodies of land on earth. Continental shelf : plateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater extending from a continent. Cove : a small bay with a restricted entrance.
Crater Lake : is a crater or caldera filled with water caused by a volcano eruption or meteor impact. Crevasse : is a large crack in a glacier that can be seen from the surface. Cuspate Foreland : a triangular extension from the coast. Cuesta : a gentle ground slope with a cliff.
Dirt Cone : Done shape deposit of dirt caused by a glacier. Desert : dry, barren region usually sandy and without trees, little rainfall or practical use of land unless irrigated. Dome : Oval or round land formation that is elevated from the surrounding areas. Drainage Basin : All the water in the river exiting at a point usually into another water system like the ocean, lake or another river.
Dry Lake : a lake that is dry all year or most of the year with the dry layer being mud or salt. Dune : a pile of sand created by wind or waves underwater dunes.
Erg : a group of sand dunes usually found in a desert. Estuary : where a river runs into the ocean or other types of salt water. Escarpment : The edge of a cliff with a steep slope. Flats or flat : a floodplain or former floodplain that has a flat ground surface. Floodplain : a flat are of land around a river that floods when the river gets high. Forest : a large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush; extensive wooded area. Geo : a narrow inlet in a cliff usually caused by waves or glaciers.
Geyser : An opening in the ground that ejects hot water and steam due to volcanic activity. Glacier : a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it through displacement. Glacier Caves : A cave at the bottom of a glacier.
Gully : a channel cut in the hillside or mountainside from. Gulf : part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay. Gorge : a deep valley with steep rocks on each side. Also referred to as a valley or canyon. Graben : a ground depression between two faults. Guyot : is a flat top seamount that is or once had volcanic activity. Hanging Valley : A valley that is above another valley usually separated by a cliff.
Headland : a large area of land extending into a large area of water. Hogback : an exposed rock range caused by erosion. Hoodoo : A irregular shaped rock formation that is tall and pillar-like. Iceberg: a large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this is underwater. Island : an are of land completely surrounded by water. Islet : A island, usually all rock with little vegetation, that is uninhabitable.
Karst : A soluble rock landscape shaped through erosion. Latitude: imaginary lines on a globe or map used to measure distance from the equator; parallel lines running east and west.
Lava Dome : a rise in the ground or volcano caused by lava going through vents in the earth. Lava Field : area of land covered by lava flow. Lava Lake : molten lava in a crater or vent. Like a lake filled with lava. Lava Spine : vertical flowing lava that grows, usually in a sharp tower like shape. Lava Tube : a sold cave tube caused by lava. Longitude: imaginary lines on a globe or map used to measure distance from the Prime Meridian; lines running from pole to pole.
Marsh : a wetland with grasses and little or no trees. Meander : a major bend in a river or stream. Moraine : deposits of rock and sediment left from a former or receding glacier. Mountain : high, rocky land, usually with steep sides and a pointed or rounded top, higher than a hill.
Mountain Pass : the highest point in a mountain range that is passable by foot. Mountain Range : a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains. Mud Volcano : geothermal heated mud that bubbles like lava in a volcano. Natural Arch : rock that forms together with a natural rock bridge usually caused by erosion.
Nunatak : Rocks coming from a glacier. Oasis : a fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation. Ocean Range or Mid-Ocean Range : two separating underwater tectonic plates separating with magma expelling creating mountain ranges. Oceanic Basin : All the land in each specific ocean. Oceanic Plateau : an elevated area of the seafloor that is higher than the surrounding area. Oxbow Lake : a former meander of a river that has separated into a curved lake.
Peninsula : piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water. Pit Crater : a hole or crater with steep sides caused by volcanic activity. Plain : a broad, flat or gently rolling area; usually low in elevation. Plateau : flat highland area with one steep face; elevated plain. Plunge Pool : a deep area of water under the waterfall. Pond : a small body of water surrounded by land.
Port: man-made place along the coastline where ships can load and unload cargo; not a natural harbor. Prairie : a large plains region with tall grass. Proglacial Lake : a freshwater lake that forms behind a glacier.
Raised Beach : an area of land above the shore that is higher than high tide.
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