Common heart conditions
Feb 01, · Heart Disease: Types, Causes, and Symptoms. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) CAD is the most common heart problem. With CAD, you may get blockages in your coronary arteries -- the vessels that Heart Arrhythmias. Heart Failure. Heart Valve Disease. Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins. Distribution of CVD deaths in females. Heart disease due to atherosclerosis. Other CVDs. Cerebrovascular disease. Ischemic heart disease. Hypertensive heart disease. Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins.
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain angina or stroke.
Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain. Women are more likely to have other whag and symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme wbat.
You might not be diagnosed with how to make a model of beam balance artery disease until you have a heart attack, angina, stroke or heart failure. It's important to watch for cardiovascular symptoms and discuss concerns with your doctor.
Cardiovascular disease can sometimes be found early with regular evaluations. Your heart may beat too quickly, too slowly or irregularly. Heart arrhythmia signs and symptoms can include:. Serious heart defects that you're born with congenital heart defects usually are th soon after birth. Heart defect signs and symptoms in children could include:.
Less serious congenital heart defects are often not diagnosed until later in childhood or during adulthood. Signs and diweases of congenital heart defects that usually aren't immediately life-threatening include:. In early stages of cardiomyopathy, you may have no symptoms. As the condition worsens, symptoms may include:. Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner lining of your heart chambers and heart valves endocardium.
Heart infection signs and symptoms can include:. The heart has four valves — the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves — that open and close to direct blood flow through your heart. Many things can damage your heart diseasws, leading to narrowing stenosisleaking regurgitation or insufficiency or improper closing prolapse.
Depending on which valve isn't working properly, valvular heart disease signs and symptoms generally include:. Heart disease is easier to treat when detected early, so talk to your doctor about your concerns regarding your heart health. If you're concerned about developing heart disease, talk to your doctor about steps you can diseeases to reduce your heart disease risk.
This is especially important if you have a family history of heart disease. If you think you may have heart disease, based on new signs or symptoms you're having, make an appointment to see your doctor. Heart disease causes depend on your specific type of heart disease.
There are many different types of heart disease. To understand the causes of heart disease, it helps to understand how the heart works. A normal heart has two upper and two lower chambers. The upper chambers, the right and left atria, receive incoming blood.
The lower chambers, the more muscular right and left ventricles, pump blood out of your heart. The heart valves, which keep blood flowing in the right direction, are gates at the chamber openings. Your heart is a pump. It's a muscular organ about the size of your fist, located diseasew left how to make acrylic paint look metallic center in your chest.
Your heart is divided into the right and the left sides. Four heart valves keep your blood moving the right way by opening only one way and only when they need to. To work properly, the valves must be formed properly, must open all the way and must close tightly so there's no leakage.
The four valves are:. Your heart's electrical wiring keeps it beating. Your heartbeat controls the continuous exchange of oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood. This exchange keeps you alive. If you have too many cholesterol particles in your blood, cholesterol may accumulate on your artery walls. Eventually, deposits called plaque may form. The deposits may narrow or block your arteries. The plaque can also burst, causing a blood clot.
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries fiseases is the most common cause of coronary artery disease. Unhealthy lifestyle habits, such as a poor diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking, can lead to atherosclerosis.
In a healthy person with a normal, healthy heart, it's unlikely for a deadly arrhythmia to develop without some outside trigger, such as an electrical shock or the use of illegal drugs. However, in a heart that's diseased or deformed, the heart's electrical signals may not properly start or travel through the heart, making arrhythmias more likely to develop.
Congenital heart defects usually develop while a baby is in the womb. Heart defects can develop as the how to stop fighting with my boyfriend develops, about a month after conception, changing the flow of blood in the heart. Some medical conditions, medications and genes may play a role in causing heart defects.
Heart defects can also develop in adults. As you age, your heart's structure can change, causing a heart defect. The cause of cardiomyopathy, a thickening or enlarging of the heart muscle, may depend on the type:.
A heart infection, such as endocarditis, is caused when germs reach your heart muscle. The most common causes of heart infection include:. Many things can cause diseases of your heart valves. You may be born with valvular disease, or the valves may be damaged by conditions such as:. Certain types of heart disease, such as heart defects, can't be prevented. However, the same lifestyle changes that can improve your heart disease can help you prevent it, including:. Heart disease care at Mayo Diseses.
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This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Request an appointment. Overview Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Heart diseases include: Blood vessel disease, such as coronary artery disease Heart rhythm problems arrhythmias Heart defects you're born with congenital heart defects Heart valve disease Disease of the heart muscle Heart infection. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Chambers and valves of the heart Open pop-up dialog box Close.
Chambers and valves of the heart A normal heart has two upper teh two lower chambers. Development of atherosclerosis Open pop-up dialog box Close. Development of atherosclerosis If you have too many cholesterol particles in your blood, cholesterol may accumulate on your artery walls. More Information Heart eome care at Mayo Clinic Heart disease prevention Omega-3 in fish Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health? Healthy heart for life: Avoiding heart disease Fact or Fiction? Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references What is cardiovascular disease? American Heart Association. Accessed Oct. Heart-healthy living. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Riggin What is atp composed of. Allscripts EPSi.
Mayo Clinic. Ferry AV, et al. Presenting symptoms in men and women diagnosed with myocardial infarction using sex-specific criteria. Journal of the American Heart Association.
Symptoms, diagnosis and monitoring of arrhythmia. Overview of congenital cardiovascular anomalies. Merck Manual Professional Version. Congenital heart defects. What is cardiomyopathy? What is heart inflammation? Heart failure.
Accessed Nov. Bonow RO, et al.
Apr 04, · Of all the different types of heart diseases, the most common congenital heart disease is a bicuspid aortic valve disease and acquired heart valve disease includes rheumatic fever or endocarditis. Myocardial Infarction: Also known as a heart attack, it is one of the most common types of heart diseases rkslogadoboj.comted Reading Time: 8 mins. Aug 31, · Women experience classic angina symptoms such as chest pain or pressure but more commonly, women experience: Chest tightness squeezing burning sense of discomfort. While the pain often is described as coming from behind the chest bone, women are more likely than men to experience discomfort in the. Dec 09, · Coronary artery disease, also called coronary heart disease or ischemic heart disease, is the most common type of heart disease, but there are many other conditions that affect the heart. Acute coronary syndrome is a term that includes heart attack and unstable rkslogadoboj.comted Reading Time: 5 mins.
A large proportion of cardiovascular disease is due to atherosclerosis. In atherosclerosis the walls of your arteries become thick and stiff because of the build up of fatty deposits called plaques. When this happens, the flow of blood is restricted. Atherosclerosis can happen throughout the body. In the arteries of the heart it is known as coronary artery disease, in the legs, peripheral arterial disease. Atherosclerosis happens over a period of time and its consequences can be grave and include heart attack and stroke.
Cerebrovascular disease e. A cerebrovascular accident or stroke is the result of an impeded blood supply to some part of the brain. Cerebrovascular disease includes: cerebral vascular disease, stroke , and transient ischemic attacks. Ischemic heart disease e. Ischemic heart disease includes: angina, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, heart attack, and sudden death. Hypertensive heart disease: High blood pressure may overburden the heart and blood vessels and cause disease.
Hypertensive heart disease includes: aneurysm, and peripheral arterial disease. Rheumatic heart disease: Rheumatic heart disease is caused by one or more attacks of rheumatic fever, which then do damage to the heart. Inflammatory heart disease: Inflammation of the heart muscle myocarditis , the membrane sac pericarditis which surround the heart, the inner lining of the heart endocarditis or the myocardium heart muscle. Inflammatory heart disease includes: cardiomyopathy, pericardial disease, and valvular heart disease.
Other Includes: congenital heart disease, cardiac arrythmias, and heart failure. If the flow of blood is cut off this can lead to strokes and transient ischemic attacks. Stroke A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted.
This can happen either when a blood vessel in the brain or neck is blocked or bursts. If this happens, your brain is deprived of oxygen and parts of your brain may be permanently damaged.
A stroke can kill or leave you with a permanent disability. The consequences of a stroke can include problems with speech or vision, weakness or paralysis. Click here to learn more about stroke and its relations to blood clots and hypertension. Transient ischemic attacks Just as stroke occurs when the flow of blood is blocked, TIAs happen when there is a brief blockage. The temporary loss of blood to the brain causes a brief, sudden change in brain function. This may manifest as temporary numbness or weakness on one side of the body, loss of balance, confusion, blindness in one or both eyes, double vision, difficulty speaking, or a severe headache.
But these will disappear quickly and permanent damage is unlikely. Angina Angina manifests as pain in the chest that results from reduced blood supply to the heart ischemia. Blood carries oxygen around your body and depriving the heart of oxygen has serious consequences. The typical pain of angina is in the chest but it can often radiate to the left arm, shoulder or jaw.
If you have angina you will have noticed that the pain is related to exertion and is relieved by rest. An angina attack is also associated with shortness of breath and sweating. If you are a woman you may experience angina slightly differently. Women appear to have more pain in their shoulder and middle back area, and more throat, neck, and jaw pain than men. If your angina symptoms rapidly worsen and occur at rest this may presage an impending heart attack myocardial infarction and you should seek medical help immediately.
It is one of the most common forms of heart disease and the leading cause of myocardial infarction e. Coronary heart disease Coronary heart disease refers to the disease of the arteries to the heart and their resulting complications, such as angina and heart attacks.
A heart attack may not be fatal, especially if you receive medical attention and treatment to deal with the blockage soon after you have your heart attack. But you are likely to be left with a damaged heart post heart attack. A heart attack manifests as severe central chest pain, which may also radiate to the left arm, shoulder or jaw. Severe shortness of breath, sweating and feeling faint are common additional symptoms. Learn more about the warning signs here. Aneurysm An aneurysm is a bulge or weakness in the wall of a blood vessel.
Aneurysms can enlarge over time and may be life threatening if they rupture. They can occur because of high blood pressure or a weak spot in a blood vessel wall. Aneurysms can occur in arteries in any location in your body.
The most common sites include the abdominal aorta and the arteries at the base of the brain. High blood pressure hypertension High blood pressure is the excessive force of blood pumping through your blood vessels. High blood pressure causes many types of cardiovascular disease, such as stroke and heart failure, and renal disease. PAD manifests as pain in the legs when walking, which is relieved by rest.
If you have PAD you are at greater risk of developing gangrene in your legs. But a variety of conditions can lead to valvular damage. Valves may narrow stenosis , leak regurgitation or insufficiency or not close properly prolapse. You may be born with valvular disease, or the valves may be damaged by such conditions as rheumatic fever, infections connective tissue disorders, and certain medications or radiation treatments for cancer.
Cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. Some types of cardiomyopathy are genetic, while others occur because of infection or other reasons that are less well understood. One of the most common types of cardiomyopathy is idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, where the heart is enlarged.
Other types include ischemic, loss of heart muscle; dilated, heart enlarged; hypertrophic, heart muscle is thickened. Pericardial disease The sac that encases the heart is called the pericardium and it can be affected by a variety of conditions such as inflammation pericarditis , fluid accumulation pericardial effusion and stiffness constrictive pericarditis. The etiology of these conditions varies. This may be the result of the genes you inherited from your parents or adverse exposure to certain elements while still in the womb, such as some medicines or too much alcohol.
Congenital heart disease is a broad term and examples are holes in the heart, abnormal valves, and abnormal heart chambers. If you have heart failure your heart still works but because it is less effective your organs do not get enough blood and oxygen.
Heart failure tends to affect older people more often and manifests as shortness of breath, reduced exercise tolerance and swelling of the ankles. It results if the heart is damaged and weakened. Cardiac arrhythmias An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat, where the heart beats irregularly, too fast or too slow.
Most arrhythmias are not dangerous, but some can be serious or life threatening. Common types of arrythmias include atrial fibrillation the heart contracts in an irregular way at a high rate , bradycardia when the heart beats irregularly or too slow , and supraventricular tachycardia when the heart beats irregularly or too fast.
Cardiovascular Disease Infographic. Protect your heart. Key facts. Different heart diseases. Fact sheets Hypertension. Heart disease due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis happens over a period of time and its consequences can be grave and include heart attack and stroke CVDs due to atherosclerosis: Cerebrovascular disease e.
Cerebrovascular disease includes: cerebral vascular disease, stroke , and transient ischemic attacks Ischemic heart disease e. Ischemic heart disease includes: angina, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, heart attack, and sudden death Hypertensive heart disease: High blood pressure may overburden the heart and blood vessels and cause disease.
Other CVDs. Rheumatic heart disease includes: valvular heart disease Inflammatory heart disease: Inflammation of the heart muscle myocarditis , the membrane sac pericarditis which surround the heart, the inner lining of the heart endocarditis or the myocardium heart muscle.
Cerebrovascular disease. Ischemic heart disease. Hypertensive heart disease. Rheumatic heart disease.
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