Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau, (born July 12, , Concord, Massachusetts, U.S.—died May 6, , Concord), American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher renowned for having lived the doctrines of Transcendentalism as recorded in his masterwork, Walden (), and for having been a vigorous advocate of civil liberties, as evidenced in the essay “Civil Disobedience” (). Apr 02, · Henry David Thoreau began writing nature poetry in the s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and friend. In he began his famous .
Henry David Thoreau, the son of a Concord pencil-maker, graduated from Harvard in He worked a short while as dxvid schoolmaster, but then began writing poetry.
He soon joined a religious, philosophical, and literary movement called Transcendentalism. The leader of the movement was Ralph Waldo Emerson, a writer and lecturer. Inhe built a hut at Walden Pond on property owned by Emerson.
For the next few years, Thoreau lived simply off the land, meditated, and wrote about nature. Inthe United What did henry david thoreau wrote about declared war against Mexico. Thoreau and other Northern critics of the war viewed it as a plot by Southerners to expand slavery into the Southwest.
Thoreau had already stopped paying his taxes in protest against slavery. The local tax collector had ignored his tax evasion, but decided to act when Thoreau publicly condemned hwat U. In July hery, the sheriff arrested and jailed Thoreau for his tax delinquency. A person of conscience had to act. In other words, when a sixth of the population of a nation, which has undertaken to be the refuge of liberty, are slaves, daviv a whole country [Mexico] is unjustly overrun and conquered by a foreign army, and subjected to military law, I think that it is not too soon for honest men to rebel and revolutionize.
Thoreau argued that the government must end its unjust how to remove pro pc cleaner to earn the right to collect taxes from its citizens. As long as the government commits unjust actions, he continued, conscientious individuals must choose whether to pay their taxes or to refuse to pay them and defy the government. By not paying his taxes, Thoreau explained, he was refusing his allegiance to the government.
Unlike some later advocates of civil disobedience like Martin Luther King, Thoreau did not rule out using violence how to download videos on frostwire an unjust government. Thank you for a great publication.
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Jul 12, · Henry David Thoreau was a minimalist. Long before tiny houses were trendy, Thoreau wrote about the benefits of living a simple, minimalist lifestyle. In Walden, he wrote about giving up the. After spending a night in jail, for failing to pay his taxes, Thoreau wrote his famous essay “Resistance to Civil Government” which he later named “Civil Disobedience,” coining the term that is used today. In his essay Thoreau argued that not all laws are just, but as human beings it is more important to obey natural law over civil law. Henry David Thoreau (–). (Wikimedia Commons) Henry David Thoreau, the son of a Concord pencil-maker, graduated from Harvard in He worked a short while as a schoolmaster, but then began writing poetry. He soon joined a religious, phi, Henry David Thoreau, the son of a Concord pencil-maker, graduated from Harvard in
American essayist, poet, and practical philosopher Henry David Thoreau is renowned for having lived the doctrines of Transcendentalism as recorded in his masterwork, Walden Henry David Thoreau stayed for two years at Walden Pond —47 , where he lived in a cabin of his own making and survived off the land. Midway in his Walden sojourn Thoreau spent a night in jail for refusing to pay his poll tax. Thoreau was born in in Concord , Massachusetts, the third child of a feckless small businessman named John Thoreau and his bustling wife, Cynthia Dunbar Thoreau.
Though his family moved the following year, they returned in Even when he grew ambivalent about the village after reaching adulthood, he never grew ambivalent about its lovely setting of woodlands, streams, and meadows.
In his parents sent him to Concord Academy, where he impressed his teachers and so was permitted to prepare for college. Upon graduating from the academy, he entered Harvard University in There he was a good student, but he was indifferent to the rank system and preferred to use the school library for his own purposes. Graduating in the middle ranks of the class of , Thoreau searched for a teaching job and secured one at his old grammar school in Concord.
He found that he was no disciplinarian and resigned after two shaky weeks, after which he worked for his father in the family pencil-making business.
In June he started a small school with the help of his brother John. Despite its progressive nature, it lasted for three years, until John fell ill.
Emerson sensed in Thoreau a true disciple—that is, one with so much Emersonian self-reliance that he would still be his own man. Thoreau saw in Emerson a guide, a father, and a friend. With his magnetism Emerson attracted others to Concord. Out of their heady speculations and affirmatives came New England Transcendentalism. In retrospect, it was one of the most significant literary movements of 19th-century America, with at least two authors of world stature, Thoreau and Emerson, to its credit.
Essentially, it combined romanticism with reform. It celebrated the individual rather than the masses, emotion rather than reason, nature rather than man. Transcendentalism conceded that there were two ways of knowing, through the senses and through intuition, but asserted that intuition transcended tuition. Similarly, the movement acknowledged that matter and spirit both existed.
It claimed, however, that the reality of spirit transcended the reality of matter. Transcendentalism strove for reform yet insisted that reform begin with the individual, not the group or organization.
He soon polished some of his old college essays and composed new and better ones as well. He wrote some poems—a good many, in fact—for several years. A canoe trip that he and his brother John took along the Concord and Merrimack rivers in confirmed in him the opinion that he ought not be a schoolmaster but a poet of nature.
As the s began, Thoreau formally took up the profession of poet. Captained by Emerson, the Transcendentalists started a magazine, The Dial. In Thoreau fell in love with and proposed marriage to an attractive visitor to Concord named Ellen Sewall. She accepted his proposal but then immediately broke off the engagement at the insistence of her parents. He remained a bachelor for life.
Confirmed in his distaste for city life and disappointed by his lack of success, he returned to Concord in late Henry David Thoreau. Additional Info. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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