What is PETA?
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is the largest animal rights organization in the world, with more than million members and supporters. PETA opposes speciesism, a human-supremacist worldview, and focuses its attention on the four areas in which the largest numbers of animals suffer the most intensely for the longest periods of time: in laboratories, in the food industry, in . What PETA Stands For. People. I am you, only different. Human beings create temporary and arbitrary boundaries to exclude beings who aren’t like them. Human beings have justified wars, slavery, sexual violence, and military conquests through the mistaken belief that those who are “different” do not experience suffering and are not worthy.
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PETA is an international nonprofit charitable organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, with affiliates worldwide. PETA believes that animals have rights and deserve to have their best interests taken into consideration, regardless of whether they are useful to humans. Looking for online definition of PETA or what PETA stands for? PETA is listed in the World's. PETA: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: PETA: Primary English Teaching Association (Australia) PETA: Pembela Tanah Air (Defenders of the Fatherland, Indonesian volunteer army) PETA: Primary Elementary Teachers' Association.
The nonprofit corporation claims 6. Its slogan is "Animals are not ours to experiment on, eat, wear, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way. Founded in March by Ingrid Newkirk and fellow animal rights activist Alex Pacheco , the organization first caught the public's attention in the summer of during what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case, a widely publicized dispute about experiments conducted on 17 macaque monkeys inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland.
The case lasted 10 years, involved the only police raid on an animal laboratory in the United States , triggered an amendment in to the U. It also campaigns for a vegan lifestyle and against eating meat, fishing, the killing of animals regarded as pests, the keeping of chained backyard dogs, cock fighting , dog fighting , beekeeping , and bullfighting. The group is the focus of controversy, both inside and outside the animal rights movement and around the world. Ingrid Newkirk was born in England in , and raised in Hertfordshire and later New Delhi , India , where her father—a navigational engineer—was stationed.
Newkirk, now an atheist, was educated in a convent, the only British girl there. By she was head of the animal disease control division of D. In , after her divorce, she met Alex Pacheco, a political science major at George Washington University. They were mostly students and members of the local vegetarian society, but the group included a friend of Pacheco's from the U. The group first came to public attention in during the Silver Spring monkeys case, a dispute about experiments conducted by researcher Edward Taub on 17 macaque monkeys inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland.
The case led to the first police raid in the United States on an animal laboratory, triggered an amendment in to the United States Animal Welfare Act, and became the first animal-testing case to be appealed to the United States Supreme Court,  which upheld a Louisiana State Court ruling that denied PETA's request for custody of the monkeys.
Pacheco had taken a job in May inside a primate research laboratory at the Institute, intending to gain firsthand experience of working inside an animal laboratory. He then used restraint, electric shock, and withholding of food and water to force the monkeys to use the deafferented parts of their bodies.
The research led in part to the discovery of neuroplasticity and a new therapy for stroke victims called constraint-induced movement therapy. Pacheco went to the laboratory at night, taking photographs that showed the monkeys living in what the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research's ILAR Journal called "filthy conditions. Taub was convicted of six counts of cruelty to animals, the first such conviction in the United States of an animal researcher; the conviction, though, was overturned on appeal.
These and the Silver Spring monkey case jointly put animal rights on the agenda in the United States. The year battle for custody of the monkeys—described by The Washington Post as a vicious mud fight, during which both sides accused the other of lies and distortion— transformed PETA into a national, then international, movement.
PETA is an animal rights organization that opposes speciesism , and the abuse of animals in any way, such as for food, clothing, entertainment, or research.
Newkirk rejects this criticism and has said the group exists to hold the radical line. PETA has been criticized for their policy of euthanasing almost all animals that come into their Virginia shelter. In , PETA's website claimed they had 6. The organization is known for its aggressive media campaigns, combined with a solid base of celebrity support—in addition to its honorary directors, Paul McCartney , Alicia Silverstone , Eva Mendes , Charlize Theron , Ellen DeGeneres , and many other notable celebrities have appeared in PETA ads.
Many of the campaigns have focused on large corporations. The group's modus operandi includes buying shares in target companies such as McDonald's and Kraft Foods in order to exert influence. Celebrities and supermodels have posed naked for the group's "I'd Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur" campaign—some men, but mostly women—triggering criticism from some feminist animal rights advocates. PETA has also objected to the practice of mulesing removing strips of wool-bearing skin from around the buttocks of a sheep.
In October , PETA launched a boycott against the Australian wool industry, leading some clothing retailers to ban products using Australian wool from their stores. A settlement was reached, and PETA agreed to stop the boycott, while the wool industry agreed to seek alternatives to mulesing.
PETA responded that a "larger prison is still a prison. Some campaigns have been particularly controversial. Newkirk was criticized in for sending a letter to PLO leader Yasser Arafat asking him to keep animals out of the conflict, after a donkey was blown up during an attack in Jerusalem. The group's "Holocaust on your Plate" exhibition—eight square-foot 5.
Prescott said: "The very same mindset that made the Holocaust possible—that we can do anything we want to those we decide are 'different or inferior'—is what allows us to commit atrocities against animals every single day. The fact is, all animals feel pain, fear and loneliness. We're asking people to recognize that what Jews and others went through in the Holocaust is what animals go through every day in factory farms.
PETA's "It's still going on" campaign features newspaper ads comparing widely publicized murder-cannibalization cases to the deaths of animals in slaughterhouses. The campaign has attracted significant media attention, controversy and generated angry responses from the victims' family members. Ads were released in describing the deaths of the victims of serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer , in describing the deaths of the victims of serial killer Robert William Pickton ,  and in describing the murder of Tim McLean.
The group has also been criticized for aiming its message at young people. Your Mommy Kills Animals features a cartoon of a woman attacking a rabbit with a knife. When the mayor of New York, Rudy Giuliani , was diagnosed with prostate cancer in , PETA ran a photograph of him with a white mustache and the words "Got prostate cancer?
PETA spokesperson Lindsay Rajt told the Huffington Post , "We try to use absolutely every outlet to stick up for animals," adding that "We are careful about what we do and wouldn't use nudity or some of our flashier tactics if we didn't know they worked.
PETA's work has drawn the ire of some feminists who argue that the organization sacrifices women's rights to press its agenda. Lindsay Beyerstein criticized PETA saying "They're the ones drawing disturbing analogies between pornography, misogyny and animal cruelty.
PETA sometimes issues isolated statements or press releases, commenting on current events. The proposed ad drew criticism from relatives of the injured fisherman. If, as has been reported, this dentist and his guides lured Cecil out of the park with food so as to shoot him on private property, because shooting him in the park would have been illegal, he needs to be extradited, charged, and, preferably, hanged. PETA sends its staff undercover into industries and other facilities that use animals to document the alleged abuse of animals.
Investigators may spend many months as employees of a facility, making copies of documents and wearing hidden cameras. Various U. In response, PETA has been involved with other groups bringing lawsuits, citing First Amendment protections for free speech. PETA is a strong proponent of euthanasia and considers it a necessary evil in a world full of unwanted pets. They oppose the no-kill movement , and rather than adoption programs, PETA prefers to aim for zero births through spaying and neutering.
PETA calls their shelter in Norfolk, Virginia a "shelter of last resort", claiming they only receive old, sick, injured, badly behaved, and otherwise unadoptable animals. Operating as open admission, they take in animals no one else will, and consider death a merciful end. The consistently high percentage of animals euthanized at PETA's shelter has been controversial.
PETA's euthanasia practices have drawn intense scrutiny from lawmakers and criticism from animal rights activists for years. The bill defines a private animal shelter as "a facility operated for the purpose of finding permanent adoptive homes for animals. Two PETA employees were acquitted in of cruelty to animals after at least 80 euthanized animals were left in dumpsters in a shopping center in Ahoskie, North Carolina , over the course of a month in ; the two employees were seen leaving behind 18 dead animals, and 13 more were found inside their van.
The animals had been euthanized after being removed from shelters in Northampton and Bertie counties. A Bertie County Deputy Sheriff stated that the two employees assured the Bertie Animal Shelter that "they were picking up the dogs to take them back to Norfolk where they would find them good homes. She also stated that the dumping of animals did not follow PETA's policy. In November , a resident of Accomack County, Virginia , produced video evidence that two workers in a van marked with a PETA logo had entered his property in a trailer park and taken his dog, who was then euthanized.
He reported the incident to the police, who identified and charged two PETA workers, but the charges were later dropped by the commonwealth attorney on the grounds that it was not possible to prove criminal intent. The state later determined that PETA had violated state law by failing to ensure that the Chihuahua , who was not wearing a collar or tag, was properly identified and for failing to keep the dog alive for five days before euthanizing the animal.
The contract worker who had taken the dog was dismissed by PETA. PETA argued that the monkey was entitled to the copyright of a selfie photo it had taken while handling Slater's camera, and naming themselves to be the administrator of any copyright revenue. The monkey selfie copyright dispute was originally dismissed by Judge Orrick who wrote there is no indication that the Copyright Act extends to animals and a monkey could not own a copyright. Bush that says animals can't sue unless Congress makes it clear in the statute that animals can sue, and added that "next friend" representation cannot be applied to animals.
Spot the Difference. PETA uses these games to spread attention about animal rights and animal welfare and to advocate vegetarian and vegan diets. By connecting our message with something people are already interested in, we're able to create more buzz. In , Ingrid Newkirk sent a letter of complaint to Nintendo about their video game Switch , during which players get to milk a cow. In her letter, Newkirk called the game "unrealistic" and wrote "you've taken all the cruelty out of milking".
She also suggested that "instead of sugarcoating the subject, Nintendo switch to simulating activities in which no animals suffer. In , Pope Francis was selected for his encouragement to treat animals with kindness and to respect the environment. Newkirk is outspoken in her support of direct action , writing that no movement for social change has ever succeeded without what she calls the militarism component: "Thinkers may prepare revolutions, but bandits must carry them out.
If I had more guts, I'd light a match. PETA considers the word pet to be "derogatory and patronises the animal", and prefers the term "companion" or "companion animal". PETA opposes animal testing —whether toxicity testing, basic or applied research, or for education and training—on both moral and practical grounds.
They say that animal experiments are frequently redundant and lack accountability, oversight, and regulation. They promote alternatives, including embryonic stem cell research and in vitro cell research. In , , and again in , PETA conducted an advertising campaign linking milk with autism. Their "Got Autism?
When pressed, PETA cited two scientific papers, one from and one from using a very small sampling of children 36 and 20 , and neither showed a correlation nor a causation between milk and autism. Newer studies from and have shown no association between dairy and behavior in autism. Steven Novella , a clinical neurologist and assistant professor at Yale University School of Medicine , wrote "This is clearly, in my opinion, a campaign of fear mongering based upon a gross distortion of the scientific evidence.
The purpose is to advocate for a vegan diet , which fits [PETA's] ideological agenda. They are likely aware that it is easier to spread fears than to reassure with a careful analysis of the scientific evidence. PETA's campaign has angered the autism community. In , British food writer, journalist and hunger relief activist Jack Monroe , demanded PETA remove her recipes from their website "with immediate effect coz I wrote them with my autism". The frowny face in the campaign image negatively stereotypes autistic people.
PETA reignited the controversy in by criticizing Google for creating a slideshow Google Doodle of Steve Irwin posthumously honoring his 57th birthday. It focuses on issues about animals in laboratories, the food industry, the leather trade, and entertainment.
After it was revealed that "animals used in circuses were subjected to chronic confinement, physical abuse, and psychological torment", AWBI in banned registration of elephants for performance. PETA India put up billboards prior to a annual religious event Eid al-Adha where animals are ritualistically slaughtered.
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