Definition and Examples of Dialect in Linguistics
Oct 29, · "The classic example of a dialect is the regional dialect: the distinct form of a language spoken in a certain geographical rkslogadoboj.comted Reading Time: 5 mins. Definition of dialect 1 linguistics a: a regional variety of language distinguished by features of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation from other regional varieties and constituting together with them a single language the Doric dialect of ancient Greek a dialect of Chinese spoken in Hong Kong.
The adjective dialectal describes anything related vialect this topic. The study of dialects is known as dialectology or sociolinguistics. The term dialect is often used to characterize any way of speaking that differs from the standard variety of a language which is largely considered to be dialect-free. With that said, few people actually speak the standard variety and most language represents a dialect. To state the obvious, speakers from different geographical regions speak English rather differently: hence we refer to 'Geordie' Newcastle English'New York English' or 'Cornish English.
In addition to geographical variation, the social background of a speaker will also influence the variety of English that person speaks: two children may grow up in the same Yorkshire village, but if one is born into a wealthy family and attends an expensive private school, while the other is born into a less well-off family and attends the local state school, the two are likely to end up speaking rather different varieties of English.
It is this combination of regional and social variation that I refer to collectively as wgat Hodson But in fact, there is no objective difference between the two: Any attempt you make to impose that kind of order on reality falls apart in the face of real evidence In popular usage, a language is written in eialect to being spoken, while a dialect is just spoken.
But in the scientific sense, the world is buzzing with a cacophony of qualitatively equal 'dialects,' often shading into one another like colors and often mixing, tooall demonstrating how magnificently complicated human speech can be. If either [of] the terms 'language' or 'dialect' [has] any objective use, the best anyone can dialwct is to say that there is or such thing as a 'language': Dialects are all there od McWhorter An accent is a person's distinctive pronunciation.
A dialect is a much broader notion: it refers to the distinctive vocabulary and grammar of someone's use of language. If you say eether and I say iytherthat's accent.
We use the same word but pronounce it differently. But if you say I've got a new dustbin and I say I've gotten a new garbage canthat's dialect. We're using different word and sentence patterns to talk about the same thing," Crystal and Crystal Many restrict the term to rural forms of speech—as when they say that 'dialects are dying out these days.
Country dialects are not as widespread as they once were, indeed, but urban dialects are now on the increase, as cities grow and large numbers of immigrants take up residence Some people think of dialects as sub-standard varieties of a language, spoken only by low-status groups—illustrated by such comments as 'He speaks correct English, without a trace of dialect. Comments exampl this kind fail to recognize that standard English is as much a dialect as any other variety—though a dialect of a rather special kind because it is one to which society has given what happened to pompeii italy prestige.
Everyone speaks a dialect—whether urban or rural, standard or non-standardupper class or lower class," Crystal For example, we might speak of Ozark dialects or Appalachian dialects, on the grounds that inhabitants of these regions have certain distinct linguistic features that differentiate them from speakers of other forms of English.
We can also speak of a social dialect : the distinct form of a language spoken by members of a specific socioeconomic class, such as the working-class dialects in England," Akmajian The prestige dialect which is reflected in the speech of cultivated Atlas informants shows heavy borrowings from eastern New England.
There has been a long-standing tendency for New Yorkers to borrow prestige dialects from other regions, rather than develop a prestige dialect of their own. In the current situation, we see that the New England influence has retreated, and in its how to teach your child chess, a new prestige dialect has been borrowed from northern and midwestern speech patterns.
We have seen that for most of our informants, the effort to escape identification as a New Yorker by one's own speech provides a motivating force for phonological shifts and changes," Labov If you use dialect, be consistent The best dialect writers, by and large, are economical [with] their talents, they use the minimum, not the maximum, of deviation from the norm, thus sparing the reader as well as convincing him," Strunk, Jr.
Share Whqt Email. Table of Contents Expand. Definition of Dialect. Distinctions Between Language and Dialect.
Distinctions Between Dialect and Accent. Prominence of Dialects. Regional and Social Dialects. Prestige Dialects. Dialect in Writing. Richard Nordquist. English and Rhetoric Professor.
Richard Nordquist what foods have high selenium professor emeritus of rhetoric what is the meaning of whirled English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks.
Updated October 29, Cite this Article Format. Nordquist, Richard. Definition and Examples of Dialect in Linguistics. Definition and Examples of Language Varieties. Social Dialect or Sociolect Definition and Examples. Definition of Accent in English Speech. General American English Accent and Dialect. Standard English Definitions and Controversies.
Definition and Examples of Linguistic Prestige. Hypercorrection in Grammar and Pronunciation. Definition and Examples whzt Dialect Leveling.
Examples of Loaded Language
Jan 19, · An English-speaker might be tempted to think, for example, that a language is basically a collection of dialects, where speakers of different dialects within Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins. So, as the London dialect of the upper classes changed, so did the dialects of the upper class Americans in these areas. For example, in the late ’s and early ’s, r-dropping spread from London to much of southern England, and to places like Boston and Virginia. Feb 12, · Examples and Observations "At first a pidgin language has no native speakers and is used just for doing business with others with whom one shares the pidgin language and no other. In time, most pidgin languages disappear, as the pidgin-speaking community develops, and one of its established languages becomes widely known and takes over the role of the pidgin as the lingua franca, or language Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins.
The term " loaded language " refers to words, phrases, and overall verbal and written communication that elicit a strong emotional response from the reader or listener. We use language to appeal to emotion in our everyday conversation. It's also beneficial when delivering a persuasive speech , making it a fan-favorite of politicians, public figures, advertisers, and corporations. Let's take a look at some loaded language examples to get a better sense. Loaded words are a persuasive technique that has also been called emotive language, high-inference language, or loaded terms.
It is often used in order to:. The noted writer George Orwell in a discussion of using loaded language had this to say in Politics and the English Language :. In the case of a word like democracy, not only is there no agreed definition, but the attempt to make one is resisted from all sides. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using that word if it were tied down to any one meaning.
While loaded language may have a tendency toward brainwashing or persuasion , it's not always intended to sway the audience. Sometimes, the speaker or writer is merely trying to inform or motivate an audience. This is known as rhetoric. Rhetoric uses language that appeals to emotions but the main goal is to share logic or values. For more on that, enjoy these examples of rhetoric. Often, loaded language exists as a substitute for other words or phrases, one more negative or positive than the other depending on the circumstance.
A loaded word is chosen because the speaker or writer believes it'll be more persuasive than an alternate neutral word. Foreign words are also often used as loaded language, providing an air of knowledge, culture or pretense. Some common examples include:. Certain metaphorical phrases can also be loaded. We see these most often in idioms. These phrases aren't intended to be taken literally. Rather, they're meant to make a statement and stick in the minds of others.
A lot of loaded language has a basis on connotation. That is, we don't take the word at its literal meaning. Rather, there's a meaning that's generally accepted or understood. For example, in the "ax to grind" example, no one's actually grinding an ax.
The connotation there is that there are no sharp edges; there's no ill-will. For more on the wonders of connotation, enjoy Connotative Words: Examples and Exercises. Loaded language is widely used and very effective in gaining emotion. Now that you understand its uses, it'll be fun to keep an eye out for it. Watch for loaded language any time you hear a politician speak; you're sure to hear lots of it!
There's no denying President Trump repeatedly uses his words to convey powerful messages. Take a scroll through his 20 Most Frequently Used Words. Home Examples Loaded Language Examples. Loaded Language Examples. Defining Loaded Language Loaded words are a persuasive technique that has also been called emotive language, high-inference language, or loaded terms.
It is often used in order to: Gain support Sway opinions Degrade others such as in a political campaign Gain a political foothold Push an agenda Some have even claimed that the use of loaded language is a brainwashing technique.
The noted writer George Orwell in a discussion of using loaded language had this to say in Politics and the English Language : "The word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies 'something not desirable. Examples of Loaded Language Often, loaded language exists as a substitute for other words or phrases, one more negative or positive than the other depending on the circumstance.
Examples include: Aggravate vs. Examples of Loaded Words in Sentences Let's take a look at some of these loaded words in action: She is making categorical selections based on favoritism.
To say someone's making categorical selections, you're insisting there's a deep-set methodology behind it. She's not just making careful selections.
Rather, she's being very deliberate. This makes "categorical" a bit stronger than, "She is making specific selections based on favoritism. A favorite word of President Trump, "tremendous" is much more striking than "great" or "very good. He's a veritable fount of knowledge. Veritable isn't a word you hear every day. That alone makes it more striking. Beyond that, it's often used as an intensifier, particularly in conjunction with metaphors.
All these components make it more striking than a more neutral slightly overused word like " actual. Loaded Foreign Words Foreign words are also often used as loaded language, providing an air of knowledge, culture or pretense. Some common examples include: Status quo - current political or social conditions Gleichschaltung - the process the Nazi Party followed to take over all of Germany Weltanschauung - a person's worldview Schadenfreude - feeling happy when something goes wrong for someone else Ancien Regime - the political system in France before the Revolution in Deus ex machina - a person who provides an unexpected solution to a problem Mutatis mutandis - all required adjustments or changes have been made.
Loaded Language in Idioms Certain metaphorical phrases can also be loaded. Examples include: Don't toe the line. He stood shoulder to shoulder with her. He played right into the hands of that card shark. I don't have an ax to grind with you. You're fishing in troubled waters. She's right in the hotbed. This machine has been rendered inoperative.
I won't be subjected to your cruelty any longer. Listen for Loaded Language Loaded language is widely used and very effective in gaining emotion. Post a comment.
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