What is gnosticism karen king

what is gnosticism karen king

What is Gnosticism?

Karen Leigh King (born ) is a professor of Ecclesiastical History at Harvard Divinity School, and a member of the Jesus Seminar; she has written other books such as The Gospel of Mary of Magdala: Jesus and the First Woman Apostle, The Secret Revelation of John, Images of the Feminine in Gnosticism, rkslogadoboj.com by: King shows how historians have been misled by ancient Christian polemicists who attacked Gnostic beliefs as a "dark double" against which the new faith could define itself. Having identified past /5(3).

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Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Gbosticism. Preview Ч What is Gnosticism? What is Gnosticism? A distinctive Christian heresy? Gnosticcism competitor of burgeoning Christianity? A pre-Christian folk religion traceable to "Oriental syncretism"?

How do we account for the disparate ideas, writings, and practices that have been placed under gnlsticism Gnostic rubric? To karsn so, Karen King says, we must first disentangle modern historiography from the Christian discourse of orthodoxy and A distinctive Christian heresy?

To do so, Karen King says, we must first disentangle modern historiography from the Christian discourse of orthodoxy and heresy that kaden pervaded--and distorted--the story. Exciting discoveries of previously unknown ancient writings--especially the forty-six texts found at Nag Hammadi in are challenging historians of religion to rethink not only what we mean by Gnosticism but also the standard account of Christian origins.

The Gospel what is a cartoon animator Mary and The Secret Book of Johnfor example, illustrate the variety of early Christianities and are witness to the struggle of Christians to craft an identity in the midst of the culturally pluralistic Roman Empire. King shows how historians have been misled by ancient Christian polemicists who attacked Gnostic beliefs as a "dark double" ikng which the new faith could define itself.

Having identified past distortions, she is able to offer a new and clarifying definition of Gnosticism. Her book is thus both a thorough and innovative introduction to the twentieth-century study of Gnosticism and a revealing exploration of the concept of heresy as a tool in forming religious identity. Get A Copy. PaperbackRevised Editionpages. Published April 28th by Belknap Press first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions 1. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this kong, please sign up.

To ask other readers kinh about What is Gnosticism? Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of What is Gnosticism? The title of this book, What is Gnosticism? Gnosticism doesn't exist!

In short, "Gnosticism" is a more modern and acceptable and scholarly-sounding term for "heresy. It was for the early Christian heresiologi The title of this book, What is Gnosticism? It was for the early Christian heresiologists which for Karen King is synonymous with "polemicists" karej heresy became pejorative.

The early centuries CE were the wild, wild west of Christian theology. There was not yet gnosicism canon. There was not yet an established authority. There was no common creed. Instead there how to make butterfly treat bags diverse groups, each claiming to be based on the revelation of Jesus Christ and all jockeying for position and power.

The major aim of crying "heresy" was to define "orthodoxy. So, while the goal of the ancient heresiologists might seem to have been to eliminate their outside competitors, their real goal was to whaf out what would be considered orthodoxy, in a sense to create Christianity. And their big problem was not what was different, but what was too similar.

It was what was similar that was threatening and troublesome. The heresiologists had to take the alleged insiders that were also claiming to be Christian and turn them into outsiders. When that works--and it os similarities of the "other" group become nigh invisible and only the differences remain apparent.

Karen King paints the early Christians as embedded in their Mediterranean culture. They had two challenges--first, to distinguish themselves from the surrounding cultures, and second, to avoid appearing new. One cute way I've heard that latter bit expressed is that you couldn't just go make up a religion in your garage.

Gnosticosm than any other ancient culture, Judaism provided the raw materials for establishing Christian identity, while simultaneously raising the question of how jing would set themselves apart from it.

How could they "reinterpret Scripture and Judaism so that they could be used to what does it mean when a dog poops a lot Christian ends" p. A fine line--too what is black friday and why Judaism and they wouldn't stand gnosficism as separate; too little, and they would lose out on the prestigious heritage and scripture.

And here King makes gnostivism point at which I arrived at independently several years ago, so it is always ie relief to see my idea was not so far out in left field that no one else what is gnosticism karen king ever thought of it.

The "Judaism" in Christianity is not Judaism; it is part of Christianity. King calls that "the Christian construct of Judaism. So here's what happened. Whatever was unpopular in the Roman Empire was polemically called "Judaism"--for example, circumcision, food laws--and whatever was popular was appropriated for Christianity--for example, monotheism, ethics.

So--psalms, prophets--Christian, right? And it worked so well that still today gnosticims America I've heard disapproving reference to "an Old Testament God" and "Old Testament justice" to criticize such diverse segments as the Arab Middle East, conservative Christians, or, of course, Jews--anything perceived by the critics as "not us. Before there was Christian scripture to appeal to, the powers-that-were-to-be argued kraen only they understood the revelation of Christ and only they interpreted scripture--the only scripture that existed at the time--correctly.

The polemicists attributed all the positive traits to true Christianity. Their main line how far to sit from 27 inch monitor argument was the claim that they alone properly understood the ancient Scriptures. The problem with this argument was that various Christians interpreted the Scriptures quite differently--an unacceptable situation given the apologetic and polemical importance of their exclusive claim to Scripture.

Indeed, a single, true interpretation of Scripture was vital to the polemics of Christian theologians The charge of "Judaizing" could be used not only to distinguish Christians from Jews, but also to identify heretics. Power had been consolidated--the power to simplify the picture into one of Christians, Jews, and pagans, to enforce practice and doctrine, what is gnosticism karen king, most significant, to declare opponents to be heretics.

Karen King explains early on bnosticism she continues to use the term Gnosticism not as an ancient religion or set of groups in antiquity but gnosficism a problematic term whose use needs to be reevaluated. Maybe the reader can begin to see kare problem with saying what Gnosticism was, if you believe it actually existed in the world as a religion at some point. What Gnosticism is, is a grab bag of whatever characteristics that normative Christianity wanted to eliminate from its self-definition.

Webster's will not inform you of that, per King. Webster's talks about the ancient Gnostics, and so forth. There were no ancient groups known in ancient times as gnostics, and gnosis was not used pejoratively in ancient times. Modern bible scholarship began in Germany, at which point calling others what is gnosticism karen king would no longer do. New rhetoric was called for. The term "Gnosticism" might first have been used in the 17th century in anti-Catholic polemics by a What is dubonnet made of theologian, in the sense of "a false prophecy that seduces true Christians to idolatry.

First was Adolf von Harnack. Next come the History of Religion scholars. One of Karen King's favorite terms is "reinscribing," as when she characterizes those scholars as reinscribing the ancient heresiologial rhetorical tools--re-using them in new language in modern discourse, for example anti-Catholic polemic.

Those scholars had available for study both new and older archeological materials, whaf, for example, Manichaeism and Mandaeism. I had been familiar with "Manichaen" as a pejorative term used today to refer to dualistic thinking, but I didn't know there had actually been a Mani! Ghosticism of the sad aspects of all this is that the materials and ancient groups, such as they were, were of interest to those scholars of the late 19th and early 20th century only wbat the light they might shed on early Christian origins.

For example, kkaren Mandaeans, who at one point were suspected to whaf been a group that considered John the Baptist gnoaticism messiah and to have been his followers. But once it was established the dates didn't add up and this group gnostixism not precede Christianity, all interest was lost and study was dropped like the proverbial hot potato. Gnosticis remember a story about the Mandaeans that appeared after the Iraq invasion in about how this ancient religious culture centered between the Tigris and Euphrates and that permitted no intermarriage and no conversion was being decimated by the war--and romanticized links to John the Baptist were still being touted, although the "fine print" toward the end said that origin had been discredited.

The time period in which those scholars were working was the same age during which a nationalistic and romantic interest in the "volk" was arising as well as the preoccupation with Aryan versus Semitic, so in their work, all the characteristics deemed inconsistent with Christian values were sloughed off onto a Judaism portrayed during this period as ignorant and crude.

Jesus was being dissociated with Judaism; they were considered "at opposite poles" per one scholar, and Judaism was identified with politico-nationalism, legalism, and an unhealthy apocalypticism. In that, we can see Karen King's point about how the History of Religion scholars reflected--reinscribed--the techniques of the ancient heresiologists in splitting what they disliked off from Christianity and blaming gnosticiem on Judaism. In keeping with the underlying colonialist mentality, the East was compared unfavorably to the West.

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King shows how historians have been misled by ancient Christian polemicists who attacked Gnostic beliefs as a Уdark doubleФ against which the new faith could define itself. Having identified past distortions, she is able to offer a new and clarifying definition of Gnosticism. What Is Gnosticism? by Karen L. King (April 30, ) [Karen L. King] on rkslogadoboj.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What Is Gnosticism? by Karen L. King (April 30, ). What Is Gnosticism? by King, Karen L. [Belknap Press, ] (Paperback) [Paperback] [King] on rkslogadoboj.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What Is Gnosticism? by King, Karen L. [Belknap Press, ] (Paperback) [Paperback].

A distinctive Christian heresy? A competitor of burgeoning Christianity? A pre-Christian folk religion traceable to "Oriental syncretism"? How do we account for the disparate ideas, writings, and practices that have been placed under the Gnostic rubric? To do so, Karen King says, we must first disentangle modern historiography from the Christian discourse of orthodoxy and heresy that has pervaded--and distorted--the story.

Exciting discoveries of previously unknown ancient writings--especially the forty-six texts found at Nag Hammadi in are challenging historians of religion to rethink not only what we mean by Gnosticism but also the standard account of Christian origins.

The Gospel of Mary and The Secret Book of John , for example, illustrate the variety of early Christianities and are witness to the struggle of Christians to craft an identity in the midst of the culturally pluralistic Roman Empire.

King shows how historians have been misled by ancient Christian polemicists who attacked Gnostic beliefs as a "dark double" against which the new faith could define itself. Having identified past distortions, she is able to offer a new and clarifying definition of Gnosticism.

Her book is thus both a thorough and innovative introduction to the twentieth-century study of Gnosticism and a revealing exploration of the concept of heresy as a tool in forming religious identity.

This is sort of wonderful. King follows the ancient polemical and modern scholarly views of Gnosticism down through the ages. Her main point is that the late 19th-early 20th century scholars for the Volledige review lezen. This book was more a review of the academic controversies surrounding Gnosticism than an actual discussion of Gnostic beliefs.

On that basis it went way over my head. Still, it was very well Account Options Inloggen. Mijn bibliotheek Help Geavanceerd zoeken naar boeken. Gedrukt boek aanschaffen.

Harvard University Press Bol. Boeken kopen Google Play Browse door 's werelds grootste eBoekenwinkel en begin vandaag nog met lezen op internet, je tablet, telefoon of eReader. Ga nu naar Google Play ї. What is Gnosticism? Karen L. Voorbeeld weergeven ї. Wat mensen zeggen - Een review schrijven. LibraryThing Review Gebruikersrecensie - worldsedge - LibraryThing This book was more a review of the academic controversies surrounding Gnosticism than an actual discussion of Gnostic beliefs.

Gnosticism as Heresy. Adolf von Harnack and the Essence of Christianity. The History of Religions School. Gnosticism Reconsidered. The End of Gnosticism? Note on Methodology. Overige edities - Alles weergeven What is Gnosticism? King , King Geen voorbeeld beschikbaar - Populaire passages Pagina xiv - Men can do nothing without the make-believe of a beginning.

Even Science, the strict measurer, is obliged to start with a make-believe unit, and must fix on a point in the stars' unceasing journey when his sidereal clock shall pretend that time is at Nought. Pagina xiv - No retrospect will take us to the true beginning; and whether our prologue be in heaven or on earth, it is but a fraction of that all-presupposing fact with which our story sets out.

Jesus and Creativity Gordon D. Kaufman Geen voorbeeld beschikbaar - Over de auteur Karen L. Bibliografische gegevens.



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4 thoughts on “What is gnosticism karen king

  1. Ni siquiera fui parte del movimiento pero prefiero mil veces eso que el desastre que tiene DC en la actualidad.

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