Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee – SNCC
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), also called (after ) Student National Coordinating Committee, American political organization that played a central role in the civil rights movement in the s. Young activists and organizers with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, or SNCC (pronounced “SNICK”), represented a radical, new unanticipated force whose work continues to have great relevance today. For the first time, young people decisively entered the ranks of civil rights movement leadership.
The next morning they came back, only with a larger group, bringing their homework and books to keep them company. The word about the sit-ins spread and in just a few days, other college students in different cities and states were doing sit-ins in large numbers so that when groups were arrested, there was a new wave of students ready to continue the peaceful demonstration. At this conference, hosted on April 15,only two months after the Greensboro sit-ins, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was assembled.
At the end of the weekend, they decided on being SNCC and having rotating officer positions so that there is fair distribution of power among the different colleges. You are commenting using your WordPress.
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Jul 05, · The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was an organization established during the Civil Rights Movement. Established in April at Shaw University, SNCC organizers worked throughout the South planning sit-ins, voter registration drives and protests. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee or SNCC was one of the key organizations that participated in the Civil Rights movement of the ’s. It was born from student led sit-ins protesting against segregation in lunch counters in North Carolina and Tennessee. Apr 30, · SNCC was one of the “big four” organizations during the Civil Rights Movement, which stands for Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The other three are the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference).
Although Martin Luther King, Jr. Although ideological differences eventually caused SNCC and SCLC to be at odds, the two organizations worked side by side throughout the early years of the civil rights movement.
The idea for a locally based, student-run organization was conceived when Ella Baker , a veteran civil rights organizer and an SCLC official, invited black college students who had participated in the early sit-ins to an April gathering at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina. Baker encouraged the more than student attendees to remain autonomous, rather than affiliate with SCLC or any of the other existing civil rights groups.
At the Raleigh Conference the students were generally reluctant to compromise the independence of their local protest groups, and voted to establish only a temporary coordinating body. The Congress of Racial Equality initially sponsored the Freedom Rides that began in May , but segregationists viciously attacked riders traveling through Alabama.
Students from Nashville, under the leadership of Diane Nash , resolved to finish the rides. Once the new group of freedom riders demonstrated their determination to continue the rides into Mississippi, other students joined the movement.
By the time the Interstate Commerce Commission began enforcing the ruling mandating equal treatment in interstate travel in November , SNCC was immersed in voter registration efforts in McComb, Mississippi, and a desegregation campaign in Albany, Georgia, known as the Albany Movement. The Albany effort, although yielding few tangible gains, was an important site of development for SNCC.
He intended to criticize John F. Lewis softened the tone of the delivered speech to appease A. In organizer Bob Moses moved to Jackson, Mississippi, and began organizing young Mississippi residents. Meanwhile, several SNCC workers established incipient organizing efforts in volatile urban black ghettos. The election in June of H. The spontaneous urban uprisings that followed the assassination of King in April indicated a high level of black discontent. However, by then, SNCC had little ability to mobilize an effective political force.
Its most dedicated community organizers had left the organization, which changed its name to the Student National Coordinating Committee. James E. Introduction, in Papers — Document Research Requests.
The Institute cannot give permission to use or reproduce any of the writings, statements, or images of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Skip to content Skip to navigation. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. Search form Search. Back to the King Encyclopedia. April 15, to May 1, Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter. Footnotes Carson, In Struggle , This entry is part of the following collection Albany Movement.
Student movements. Voter registration. King addresses Youth Leadership Conference in Raleigh. Historical Material From Ella J. Outline, The Philosophy of Nonviolence. From the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
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