The Meaning Behind Demi Lovato's Commander In Chief
Oct 03, · In English usage, the term may have first been applied to King Charles I of England in Article II Section 2 of the Constitution—Commander in Chief Clause—states that “ [t]he President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States.”. As commander-in-chief, he is authorized to direct the movements of the naval and military forces placed by law at his command, and to employ them in the manner he may deem most effectual to harass and conquer and subdue the enemy. He may invade the hostile country, and subject it to the sovereignty and authority of the United States.
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Definition of commander in chief.: one who holds the supreme command of an armed force. Jan 11, · As commander-in-chief, the president's wartime responsibilities include deploying troops, ordering air strikes, invasions and bombings, and peacetime and homefront duties such as stationing troops, meeting with military and defense leaders, and making sure the nation's veterans are treated well. Although the president does not have the power to declare war, he may . Oct 14, · The song is a powerful testament to the tragedies that have taken place in America in recent years, and Lovato's message in "Commander in Chief Author: Bernadette Roe.
Arguably, the most solemn role of the president is to serve as the leader of the U. Under the president's direction, the United States can carry out retaliatory invasions, such as the invasion of Afghanistan in Wars can be indirectly prompted or unprompted, as with the U.
Or the U. All of these actions share the commonality of being ordered by the president of the United States. The Constitution gives Congress alone the power to declare war; it charges the executive with carrying out the war as commander in chief.
But in the history of the United States, Congress has formally declared war just 11 times — against 10 countries that were involved in five different conflicts: the War of , the Mexican War, the Spanish-American War and the two World Wars [source: United States House of Representatives ]. All other U. S military action undertaken by the United States throughout its history has been under presidential order. Like most other powers, the president's ability to wage and operate war evolved over time.
Perhaps no other president defined presidential wartime powers like Abraham Lincoln did. In , while Congress was adjourned, he activated the military, sent troops to Southern states, ordered the Navy to blockade the port of New Orleans and appropriated funds from the Treasury. Lincoln was also the first to declare martial law the temporary removal of power from the courts and suspend habeas corpus the right for a prisoner to petition the legality of his or her imprisonment.
Lincoln's actions were vast and unprecedented and unconstitutional. But as we've learned, in times of crises, the executive branch enjoys the most power.
Congress has historically gone along with presidential wartime actions, even if they didn't agree. Tactics in the context of war, like the troop surge in the Iraq War in or the detention of Japanese-Americans in internment camps during World War II, were congressionally unpopular, but were ultimately approved by the legislative branch.
Presidents following Lincoln's example during the Civil War have learned how to make end runs around Congress to wage wars. Most commonly seen have been executive orders. These are decrees issued by the executive branch without formal input from Congress that have the effect of law over federal agencies. They can be used, among other things, to direct the military into action. Executive orders led the United States into war in Korea and Vietnam.
Without congressional approval, they technically weren't wars, which is why Vietnam and Korea are referred to as conflicts. The language found in some treaties, like those with NATO and the United Nations, may also be used by presidents to declare war without congressional approval. President George W. Bush's decision to launch an attack on Afghanistan was supported by the charters of the U. The military isn't the only tool of the president's war power. These agencies can also provide information for decisions concerning strategy in times of war.
Prev NEXT. How the U. President Dwight Eisenhower had an easy transition to the role of commander in chief; he'd served as commander of the American Forces in the European theatre of World War II. Cite This! Print Citation. More Awesome Stuff.
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