metformin systemic. Brand names: Glucophage, Glumetza, Glucophage XR, Fortamet. Drug class (es): non-sulfonylureas. Metformin systemic is used in the treatment of: Diabetes, Type 2. Diabetes, Type 3c. Female Infertility. Insulin Resistance Syndrome. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. May 03, · Metformin. Generic Name: metformin (met FOR min) Brand Name: Fortamet, Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Glumetza. Riomet. Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD. Last updated on May 3, Uses. Warnings. Dosage.
Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Metformin is used to treat high blood sugar levels that are caused by a type of diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes called type 2 diabetes. With this type of diabetes, insulin produced by the pancreas is not able to get sugar into the cells of the body where it can work properly. Using metformin alone, with a type of oral antidiabetic medicine called a sulfonylurea, or with insulin, will help to lower blood sugar when it is too high and help restore the way you use food to make energy.
Many people can control type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise. Following a specially planned diet and exercise will always be important when you have diabetes, even when you are taking medicines. To work properly, the amount of metformin you take must be balanced against the amount and type of food you eat and the amount of exercise you do. If you change your diet or exercise, you will how to make gfp fusion protein to test your blood sugar to find out if it is too low.
Your doctor will teach you what to do if this happens. Metformin does not help patients who have insulin-dependent or type 1 diabetes because they cannot produce insulin from their pancreas gland. Their blood glucose what is the generic name for metformin best controlled by insulin injections. All rights reserved. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes.
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What is metformin?
Generic Name: Metformin Hydrochloride and Glyburide Tablets (Available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name) Oral: Tablets, film-coated: mg with Glipizide mg: Metaglip (Bristol-Myers-Squibb) Oral: Tablets, film-coated: mg with Glipizide mg. Description and Brand Names. Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. US Brand Name. Fortamet; Glucophage; Glucophage XR; Glumetza; Riomet; Descriptions. Metformin is used to treat high blood sugar levels that are caused by a type of diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes called type 2 diabetes.
Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD. Last updated on May 3, Metformin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin is sometimes used together with insulin or other medications, but it is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
You should not use metformin if you have severe kidney disease, metabolic acidosis, or diabetic ketoacidosis call your doctor for treatment. If you need to have any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you may need to temporarily stop taking metformin. Though extremely rare, you may develop lactic acidosis, a dangerous build-up of lactic acid in your blood.
Call your doctor or get emergency medical help if you have unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, stomach pain, dizziness , feeling cold, or feeling very weak or tired.
If you need to have surgery or any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you may need to temporarily stop taking metformin. Be sure your caregivers know ahead of time that you are using this medication.
You may develop lactic acidosis, a dangerous build-up of lactic acid in your blood. This may be more likely if you have other medical conditions, a severe infection, chronic alcoholism , or if you are 65 or older.
Ask your doctor about your risk. Follow your doctor's instructions about using metformin if you are pregnant or you become pregnant. Controlling diabetes is very important during pregnancy, and having high blood sugar may cause complications in both the mother and the baby.
Tell your doctor if you become pregnant while taking metformin. Metformin may stimulate ovulation in a premenopausal woman and may increase the risk of unintended pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about your risk. Metformin should not be given to a child younger than 10 years old.
Some forms of metformin are not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old. Take metformin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed. Take metformin with a meal, unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
Some forms of metformin are taken only once daily with the evening meal. Follow your doctor's instructions. Measure liquid medicine carefully. Shake the oral suspension before you measure a dose.
Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device not a kitchen spoon. Some tablets are made with a shell that is not absorbed or melted in the body. Part of this shell may appear in your stool. This is normal and will not make the medicine less effective. You may have low blood sugar hypoglycemia and feel very hungry, dizzy, irritable, confused, anxious, or shaky. To quickly treat hypoglycemia, eat or drink a fast-acting source of sugar fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda.
Your doctor may prescribe a glucagon injection kit in case you have severe hypoglycemia. Be sure your family or close friends know how to give you this injection in an emergency. Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress , illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals. Ask your doctor before changing your dose or medication schedule. Metformin is only part of a complete treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care.
Follow your doctor's instructions very closely. Your doctor may have you take extra vitamin B12 while you are taking this medicine. Take only the amount of vitamin B12 that your doctor has prescribed. Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose.
Do not take two doses at one time. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at An overdose can cause severe hypoglycemia or lactic acidosis. Avoid drinking alcohol. It lowers blood sugar and may increase your risk of lactic acidosis. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to metformin: hives ; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Some people using this medicine develop lactic acidosis, which can be fatal. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as:. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Many drugs can interact with metformin, making it less effective or increasing your risk of lactic acidosis. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins , and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed here.
Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use metformin only for the indication prescribed. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Detailed Metformin dosage information. Metformin side effects more detail.
Metformin drug interactions more detail. Drug Status Availability Prescription only Rx. Related Stories. Breckenridge Pharmaceutical, Inc. Drug Class. Related Drugs. Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA Safety Alerts for all medications.
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