20 Types of Scientists | A Guide on Their Study and Contribution to Society
Aug 04, · An entomologist is a scientist who studies the ecology, classification, behavior, life cycle, population and physiology of insects. These scientists work with different insects such as honeybees, silkworms and ladybird beetles to understand the benefits the insects offer humans. Entomologists also study urban, agricultural and veterinary rkslogadoboj.comted Reading Time: 40 secs. Entomologists study insects, such as ants, bees, and beetles. They also study arthropods, a related group of species that includes spiders and scorpions. Most entomologists specialize in a particular type of insect. Insects outnumber all other forms of life combined, and perform functions vital to life on earth.
Entomologybranch of zoology dealing with the scientific study of insects. The zoological categories of geneticstaxonomymorphologyphysiologybehaviour, and ecology are included in this field of study. Also lnsects are the applied aspects of scientizt entomology, which encompasses the harmful and beneficial impact of insects on humans and their activities. Entomology also plays an important role in studies of biodiversity and assessment of environmental quality.
Throughout history the study of insects has intrigued great what type of scientist studies insects minds. In the 4th century bcethe Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle provided descriptions of insect anatomy, establishing the groundwork for modern entomology. With the aid of the newly developed microscopethe Dutch naturalist Jan Swammerdam was able to observe the minute structures of many insect species.
Modern insect classification began in the 18th century. Carolus Linnaeusin Systema Naturae 10th ed. Entomology emerged as a distinct field of study in the early 19th sciebtist, with the publication of such works as the eight-volume British Entomology —39by John Curtisand the founding of entomological societies in Paris and London.
The body of knowledge gleaned from the study of insects has enabled modern economic entomologists to develop a wide range of methods for controlling insect pests. Some insects are perceived as threats to humans, both as agents of crop destruction and as disseminators of disease. Sciebtist of integrating pest management, what is a good corporate strategy combine chemical, biological, cultural, and sanitation strategies, have been devised to control the damage done by whxt to agricultural products.
Benefits from insect studies include improvements in pest-management practices and advances in genetics research. Studies using the vinegar fly Dhat melanogaster have established the foundation and techniques used in virtually all aspects of genetics research conducted today.
Insects scjentist have been used in biochemical, developmental, behavioral, environmental, and ecological studies. The many functions that insects perform in the ecosystem, such as the pest control that dragonflies and mantises provide as predators of other whqt or the decomposition of organic matter that scavenger insects accelerate, have been elucidated by entomological study.
Insects that inhabit streams and other freshwater habitats such as mayflies, caddisflies, and stoneflies are used as biotic indicators of water quality. Insects are also used by forensic entomologists in a wide variety of legal situations that include both civil and criminal cases. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve oof article requires login. External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica What does it mean to have suicidal thoughts Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, sckentist from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Britannica Quiz. Creepy Crawlers Quiz. Got bugs on the brain? A passion for pests? Test how much you sciehtist about insects, snakes, and more. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. A further debt is owed bacteriology because of its offshoot, immunology. Zoologybranch of biology that studies the members of the animal kingdom and animal life in general. It includes both the inquiry into individual animals and their constituent parts, even to the molecular level, and the inquiry into animal populations, entire faunas, and the relationships of animals to if other,….
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Entomology, branch of zoology dealing with the scientific study of insects. The zoological categories of genetics, taxonomy, morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology are included in this field of study. Entomology also plays an important role in studies of biodiversity and assessment of . Mar 31, · A person who studies butterflies and moths is called a lepidopterist. A lepidopterist collects, classifies and observes moths and butterflies in a study known as lepidoptera. Butterflies and moths are in the lepidoptera family and comprise a major group of insects. This group has jointed feet, an exoskeleton, and wings. Entomologist (en t? ma l? jist): A scientist who studies insects. Fire Ecologist: A scientist who studies the origins of wildland fire and it's relationship to the living and nonliving environment. Fish Biologist (fish bi a l? jist): A scientist who studies fish and the processes that support rkslogadoboj.com Size: KB.
Scientists are the cause of human development and progress in technology in the current lifestyle. Their efforts contribute to better health, quality products, safety measures, ease of living, and enhancement in economy and employment. The options like industrialization, internet, social media, connectivity which humans enjoy now are products of the collective efforts of scientists working in tandem in different sectors. He is the one whose work involves exploring the solar system , space, galaxies, the movement of planets.
They are responsible for our knowledge about the sun, Mars, Saturn, and other planets. They are also involved in exploring the possibility of life on other planets. Their contribution to the current lifestyle includes mobile networks, television, and other communication through the deployment of various satellites in space.
Some of them work from even space by staying in space centers. They are also called as astronauts. They study the composition, structure, and processes of the earth by being indoors and outdoors.
They contribute to the discovery of mines, petroleum deposits, minerals, and other aspects of the earth. These scientists study the origin and movement of seismic waves of the earth. They can also detect earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, etc. He is the one with knowledge on water like its distribution, movement, rainfall, water cycle, water resources on the earth. Even they study the chemical nature of water, its interactions with other living beings, methods of storage etc.
They are also similar to space scientists. But their focus is on weather, climate, and environment. They give us a weather report on a daily basis, forecast rainfalls, cyclones, summer temperatures, global warming, etc. These scientists work to improve human health.
They study the cause of disease, their mechanism, options for treatment. They also explore the human body in complete detail to prevent, diagnose, and treat disorders. When there are new infections like recent swine flu, ebola virus, etc, they study the viral structure in detail to check for possible vaccines.
They try to design drugs, vaccines, antidotes, diagnostic kits, nutrition supplements, and other essential health requirements. He is also a type of medical scientist involved in the discovery of new drugs and molecules for diseases with no treatment.
He is mostly concerned with how the drug once administered behaves in the body. How it produces the therapeutic effects, the metabolism, toxicity, and side-effects of the drugs. This is a group of similar scientists who can be defined based on their area of social research like. These are a group of scientists who try to explain past human activity by exploring past remains. As the name indicates, they study the land , habitat, and human life in the region. They also help in making maps.
These scientists try to explain history from the available collection of records or events. He is a scientist with knowledge and curiosity in the field of physics. The knowledge involves interactions of matter and energy at all time scales in the universe.
These scientists based on observation postulate laws or principle which help understand the universe principles like gravitation, motion, time, etc. Examples of great scientists in this area include Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein. These scientists study, the structure, characters of atomic nuclei, and interactions of its components. The work of these scientists helps in the development of nuclear energy, X-rays technique, and other radiation-related methods.
The science of chemistry is so vast. The work involves the discovery of the chemical structure of any compound either from nature or obtained by synthesis. Also, they formulate methods to identify a substance, determine the chemical and physical properties.
Further, they also identify their uses and toxic properties. There are a number of scientists who are involved in research of chemistry in a different area of study like. They are concerned with the study of pure organic compounds is so wide and most compounds including drugs, poisons, disinfectants are organic in nature. They try to study the structure, synthesis method, reactions of these compounds. This researcher studied the chemistry of animals and plants. It is study of chemistry in the biological system.
These scientists study how the living organism to prepare food, digest, metabolize, and excrete it. They also study processes like fermentation, transcription, translation, etc.
They are ones involved in the human genome project. The scientists working in this area study the structure of available drug molecules and try to explore the structure by a further modification to find more new molecules. They also try to minimize the toxicity of existing medicine by suitable modifications in the parent molecule.
See chemistry in medicine for more. This area involves the study of noncarbon compounds or inorganic compounds. These chemical compounds are used in daily life like table salt, baking soda, talc, etc. There are many inorganic compounds and they are explored for their chemical, physical properties.
Further, their uses and harmful effects are sorted out. This is chemistry which tries to analyze substances. Scientists involved try to find new ways to determine a substance with more accuracy, at a shorter time in an inexpensive way. They are the scientists who study celestial objects like planets, stars, and their details of how they are formed, behave, etc.
They help discover new stars, comets by use of telescopes. These scientists study living beings and their characters in all the forms. They are again of different types like. These are scientists who study animals. They also try to predict and explain the evolution of animals. Is one who explores the knowledge about plants. They try to understand the evolution of plants , their physiology, growth, age, etc. Further, they explore the distribution of plant species and types in the nation and the world.
They also define methods to identify the plants, study the external and internal structure of plants. Even the uses of plant constituents are explored. Hence, we use plants for medicine, dye, textile, and other uses due to plant studies.
This person studies microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi, algae, etc. He is also concerned with methods like sterilization destruction of microbes , disinfection, body immunity, vaccination etc. They are specialized in the knowledge of bacteria. This includes their classification, distribution, food habits, benefits to man etc. A scientist with immense knowledge of the viruses , their emergence, growth, distribution, pathogenicity etc.
He studies the genetic and other traits of living beings and tries to develop new biological entities for the benefit of mankind. The scientists involved in the study of birds. He studies and works on insects. He tries to classify the insects, studies their anatomy, physiology, food habits, reproduction, and life-cycle.
He is the one who is involved in the study of fishes. This includes their anatomy, characters, habits, habitats, etc. The scientist concerned with methods and improvement of agriculture. They study crop varieties, soil characters , crop disease, etc. Their goal is to enhance crop yield, prevent diseases, survive drought and other conditions by crops. These are scientists we regularly hear them talking about global warming, melting of glaciers in Antarctica, and the possibility of sea-level rise risking coastal cities.
They study the reasons of pollution, global warming, and methods to prevent or overcome these problems. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
There are various types of scientists who work in different sectors to improve human life. Space scientist He is the one whose work involves exploring the solar system , space, galaxies, the movement of planets.
Seismologists These scientists study the origin and movement of seismic waves of the earth. Hydrologist He is the one with knowledge on water like its distribution, movement, rainfall, water cycle, water resources on the earth. Meteorologist National hurricane center: Florida They are also similar to space scientists. Medical scientist These scientists work to improve human health. Some of the other types of medical scientists are pathologists, pharmacologists, etc.
Pharmacologist He is also a type of medical scientist involved in the discovery of new drugs and molecules for diseases with no treatment.
Social scientists This is a group of similar scientists who can be defined based on their area of social research like a Anthropologist Is one who studies aspects of human society of the past and present. Physicist He is a scientist with knowledge and curiosity in the field of physics. Nuclear physicists These scientists study, the structure, characters of atomic nuclei, and interactions of its components. Chemical scientist The science of chemistry is so vast.
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